Correct Answer : Option (C) - 27th January
International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust is observed on January 27.
* It is the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
* The day is designated to remember the victims of the Holocaust. The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was a systematic extermination of six million Jews and millions of others, such as Romani, homosexuals, people with disabilities, political dissidents, and religious minorities, by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II.
Theme 2023 : The United Nations Holocaust memorial ceremony in the United Nations General Assembly Hall will be under the theme ‘Home and Belonging’ for 2023.
According to the United Nation’s official website, this theme “highlights the humanity of the Holocaust victims and survivors, who had their home and sense of belonging ripped from them by the perpetrators of the Holocaust.”
History : On 27 January 1945, the advancing Red Army entered the Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. They liberated more than 7,000 remaining prisoners, who were ill or dying.
A few days before this, the Schutzstaffel had forced almost 60,000 prisoners to evacuate the camp. They were also forced to embark on the infamous ‘Death Marches’. Thousands of people lost their lives.
The United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 60/7 on November 1, 2005, to adopt January 27 as the International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust. The UN aims to honour the six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust and millions of other victims of Nazism. The day is also marked to develop educational programs to help prevent such genocides in the future.
Significance : The day serves as a reminder of the dangers of hatred and intolerance. Millions of lives were lost in the most inhumane treatment of man towards another man in modern history. The importance of Holocaust education and remembrance in order to prevent future atrocities is the highlight of this day. It is an opportunity for people to reflect on the lessons of the Holocaust and to uphold their commitment to human rights, dignity, and tolerance.
The day is also marked to honour the victims of the Holocaust and to promote Holocaust education and remembrance. It serves as a reminder of the atrocities committed during the Holocaust. This was the genocide in which the Nazi regime murdered six million Jews during World War II. The day is also marked to promote Holocaust education and combat antisemitism, racism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, and prejudice...Source : News18