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 Q .
When did the world's oldest person "Lucile Randon" passes away?
A)
14th January 2023
B)
15th January 2023
C)
16th January 2023
D)
17th January 2023

Correct Answer : Option (D) - 17th January 2023

Note :

The world’s oldest person, French nun Lucile Randon, has died 17th January 2023 at the aged 118. Randon, also known as Sister Andre, was born in southern France on February 11, 1904, a decade before World War I.

She was long regarded as the oldest European, but the death of Japan’s Kane Tanaka at the age of 119 last year made her the world’s oldest person.

The record for oldest confirmed age reached by a human belongs to Jeanne Calment, also of southern France, who died in 1997 at the age of 122. Guinness World Records had officially recognised her status in April 2022.
 
At the age of 26, she converted to Catholicism and was baptized.  Driven by a desire to “go further,” she entered the Daughters of Charity order of nuns at the rather late age of 41. Sister Andre was thereafter posted to a Vichy hospital, where she stayed for 31 years.

Spending most of her life dedicated to religious service, Sister André also held the record for the oldest nun living. Later in life, she relocated to Toulon on the Mediterranean coast. Prayer, mealtimes, and visits from residents and hospice personnel interrupted her days in the nursing home.

She also got letters on a regular basis, practically all of which she responded to. In 2021, she survived getting Covid-19, which infected 81 nursing home patients.
 
How do Guinness World Records validate the oldest people?

Guinness World Records works with lead consultant for gerontology, Robert D Young (USA), in the study of aging. Young has been the Director of the Supercentenarian Research Database Division for the Gerontology Research Group since 2015...

Born : 11 February 1904, Alès, France
Died : 17 January 2023, Toulon, France

Source : The Guardian

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Who Becomes First Indian Union Territory to Completely Shift to e-Governance Mode?
A)
Jammu and Kashmir
B)
Delhi
C)
Puducherry
D)
Chandigarh

Correct Answer : Option (A) - Jammu and Kashmir

Note :

Jammu and Kashmir has become the first Union Territory of India to go completely digital.
 
* Presently all government and administrative services in Jammu and Kashmir are being provided digitally only.
 
* Jammu and Kashmir is also emerging as a model of digital government in the country with a transparent and accountable governance system.
 
Purpose of Line to Online : 
 
* The main objective of making government services online is to make people online.
 
* Through this, citizens can avail government services digitally without going to government office.
 
* With the digitization of government offices, now government offices will be in the pocket of the citizens. With this, citizens can take advantage of any government service anywhere and anytime without going to any office.
 
Jammu and Kashmir :
 
* Jammu and Kashmir was a state of India till August 2019, which was bifurcated on 31 August 2019 to form two union territories named Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
 
* Capital- Srinagar (May–October), Jammu (November–April)
 
* Lieutenant Governor - Manoj Sinha
 
* Legislative Council - 36 seats
 
* Legislative Assembly - 89 seats

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Which country Economy is South Asia's Weakest Economy, Says World Bank?
A)
India
B)
Pakistan
C)
Bangladesh
D)
Afghanistan

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Pakistan

Note :

Pakistan is South Asia’s weakest economy, the World Bank said, adding that the country’s economic growth will slow further to 2 per cent during the ongoing year. This will mark a drop of two percentage points from its June 2022 estimate.
 
The World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report said that Pakistan’s economic output was not just declining itself but also bringing down the regional growth rate as well.
 
The report also said that a herculean effort will be required to pull Pakistan out of poverty.

The report said that Pakistan’s economic output was not only declining itself but also bringing down the regional growth rate as well. Forecasting Pakistan’s GDP growth rate to improve to 3.2 per cent in 2024, the report said, “Policy uncertainty further complicates the economic outlook” of Pakistan.
 
This pace reflects still robust growth in India, Maldives, and Nepal, offsetting the effects of the floods in Pakistan and the economic and political crises in Afghanistan and Sri Lanka. The deteriorating global environment, however, will weigh on investment in the region,” the report said pointing to a “sharp, long-lasting slowdown” with the global growth expected at 1.7 per cent this year.
 
Devastating Floods, Biggest Reason : Floods in Pakistan in July last year was cited as the main reason for the faltering economic situation in the country by the World Bank. The report also cited devastating floods in 2022 as a reason for the precarious economic situation in the country. Floods deluged almost one-third of Pakistan and directly impacted about 15 percent of the country’s population. “Recovery and reconstruction needs are expected to be 1.6 times the FY2022-23 national development budget,” the report said.
 
Cost of food items touches sky : In Pakistan, soaring prices of basic food items have been burning hole in the pockets of people. Wheat, which is an essential staple food of Pakistanis, is barely in reach for many locals. Its prices have surged over 57 per cent, while the cost of wheat flour also saw an increase of 41 per cent, the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics said.
 
Pakistan’s forex reserves hit new low : Pakistan’s forex reserves have hit a new low of USD 4.6 billion that would be barely adequate to pay for foreign bills for three weeks. Analysts have put the country’s need for relief at USD 33 billion. The shortage of dollars has been drastically hurting the economy and diverting remittances from the legal banking channel to the grey market....

Source : First Post
 

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Which country Prime Minister 'Jacinda Ardern' announces resignation?
A)
Australia
B)
Indonesia
C)
New Zealand
D)
Netherlands

Correct Answer : Option (C) - New Zealand

Note :

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, a global figurehead of progressive politics, shocked the country today (19th Jan 2023) by announcing she would resign from office in a matter of weeks.

The 42-year-old -- who steered the country through natural disasters, the Covid pandemic, and its worst-ever terror attack -- said she no longer had "enough in the tank".
 
Ardern said she would step down no later than 7 February 2023, less than three years after winning a landslide election to secure her second term in office.
 
Ardern became the world’s youngest female head of government when she was elected prime minister in 2017 at 37.

She has led New Zealand through the Covid-19 pandemic, and a series of disasters including the terrorist attack on two mosques in Christchurch, and the White Island volcanic eruption...

Source : The Guardian

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Which city to host of WEF Center for Fourth Industrial Revolution?
A)
Chennai
B)
Bengaluru
C)
Hyderabad
D)
Ahmedabad

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Hyderabad

Note :

The World Economic Forum (WEF) has chosen Hyderabad for establishing its Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution focused on healthcare and life sciences.
 
The C4IR Telangana will be an autonomous, non-profit organisation and the only such of World Economic Forum in India with a thematic focus on healthcare and life sciences, Industries and IT Minister K.T. Rama Rao’s office said after Telangana government and WEF entered into a collaboration agreement at the Forum’s annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, on Monday (16th Jan 2023).
 
In the presence of Telangana Industries and Commerce Minister K.T. Rama Rao, WEF President Borge Brende, and Chief Executive Officer Shakthi Nagappan of the Telangana Life Sciences Foundation, the collaboration agreement was signed by WEF Managing Director Jeremy Jurgens and Nagappan.

* One of Asia’s major centres for the biological sciences is Telangana.

* Telangana is known as the vaccine centre of the world and produces one-third of all vaccines produced globally.

* Additionally, the state is responsible for around 35% of India’s pharmaceutical output.

* The 18th centre of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) Network, which spans four continents, is now C4IR Telangana.

* With the opening of this facility, Telangana will strengthen its position as a global leader and establish itself as a key node in the network of 4IR centres...

Source : The Hindu
 

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Who has Announced Second Phase of Girls4Tech STEM Education in India?
A)
Visa Inc
B)
Maestro
C)
American Express
D)
Mastercard

Correct Answer : Option (D) - Mastercard

Note :

Mastercard announced the expansion of its signature Girls4Tech, STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) education program in India.

The Girls4Tech is supported by Mastercard Impact Fund and in partnership with the American India Foundation (AIF).
 
* The expansion of the program aims to reach up to 1 lakh female students across the country by 2024 to encourage them to take up STEM Education.

* The program includes 14,400 students in Delhi and 40 additional government schools where STEM courses will be offered to girls aged 8 to 14.

* The Girls4Tech program reached over 1,12,482 girls in urban and rural locations across six states in India, including 10,000 across Delhi.

* According to the All-India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20, women comprised over 43 percent of STEM graduates in India, and only 14 percent pursued scientific research in universities and institutions.

* The situation becomes more concerning considering the skills gap in the workforce and the increasing necessity for businesses to attract, hire, and nurture a diverse workforce.

* Mastercard has partnered with the American India Foundation (AIF) to overcome the challenges and pique girls’ interest in science and technology fields and encourage girls to take up STEM education and prepare for jobs of the future, to narrow the gender gap.

* Girls4Tech was launched in 2014 and it is an award-winning education program aimed at creating future problem solvers, incorporating Mastercard’s deep expertise in technology and innovation...

Source : Times of India

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Which government will launch its first major education project, 'Schools of Eminence' on 21st January 2023?
A)
Gujarat
B)
Punjab
C)
Odisha
D)
Maharashtra

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Punjab

Note :

The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) government in Punjab is all set to launch its first major education project, ‘Schools of Eminence’, on Saturday (14th Jan 2023).
 
The launch programme will be held at the Indian School of Business (ISB), Mohali, said an official from the Punjab education department. Punjab Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann is expected to be the chief guest.
 
Sources said that School Education Minister Harjot Singh Bains was also trying to ensure the presence of Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal at the launch but it has not been confirmed yet.
 
Under the project, the AAP government will upgrade existing government schools into ‘Schools of Eminence’ for classes 9 to 12. The government plans to upgrade nearly 110 government schools as ‘Schools of Eminence’ in Phase 1.
 
The AAP government in its first budget in June last year had set aside a fund of Rs 200 crore for ‘Schools of Eminence’ and said that these schools will be equipped with superlative infrastructure and will be at par with international standards.
 
The project is inspired by Delhi’s ‘Schools of Specialized Excellence’, which also conduct admissions at the Class 9 level...

Source : Indian Express

  Show Answer
Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Who launched the second phase of 'Kanti Velugu' initiative in Khammam district on January 18, 2023?
A)
K Chandrasekhar Rao
B)
K. T. Rama Rao
C)
Bandi Sanjay Kumar
D)
G. Kishan Reddy

Correct Answer : Option (A) - K Chandrasekhar Rao

Note :

Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao will be formally launching the second phase of Kanti Velugu initiative, Eye Screening programme in Khammam district on 18th Jan 2023.
 
The Programme is considered to be the world’s largest eye screening programme.  
 
Three Chief Ministers from other States, Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, his Punjab counterpart Bhagwant Singh Mann and Delhi Counterpart Arvind Kejriwal will also be taking part in the programme.

The three Chief Ministers and Uttar Pradesh's former Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav reached Hyderabad last evening.
 
Under the Kanti Velugu, free eye screening will be held at the special health camps for 100 days with 1500 medical teams.

The first phase of Kanti Velugu was conducted for eight months by 827 health teams. The health camps will commence on 19th January 2023 in the rest of the state...

Source : AIR

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Published On : January 19, 2023
 Q .
Which institution released the 'Rural Health Statistics report'?
A)
AIIMS
B)
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
C)
NITI Aayog
D)
Ministry of Corporate Affairs

Correct Answer : Option (B) - Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Note : The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recently published the Rural Health Statistics report. According to the report, there is a shortage of more than 80% of the required surgeons and pediatricians in the country's 6,064 Community Health Centres (CHCs).

CHCs are 30-bed block-level health facilities that are supposed to provide basic surgical, gynecological, pediatric, and general medical care.

  Show Answer
Published On : January 18, 2023
 Q .
Sibi George has been concurrently accredited as the next ambassador to which country?
A)
Finland
B)
Norway
C)
Marshall Islands
D)
Cook Islands

Correct Answer : Option (C) - Marshall Islands

Note :

Sibi George (IFS: 1993), the current Indian Ambassador to Japan, has been concurrently accredited as the next Indian Ambassador to the Republic of the Marshall Islands, with residence in Tokyo. He is expected to begin the assignment soon.

Source : ANI

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Published On : January 18, 2023