Correct Answer : Option (A) - July 11th
World Population Day is observed every year on July 11th to shift the focus of the world on population issues. Overpopulation has become a critical concern as the world's resources are being used up at an unsustainable rate. The major purpose of World Population Day 2022 is to raise awareness of all the negative impacts that population growth has on the steady development of nature.
World Population Day 2022 Theme : The theme of World Population Day 2022 is 'A World of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all- Harnessing Opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all'. As per this year's theme, there are 8 billion people living today, however, not all of them have equal rights and opportunities.
History : In 1989, World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of the United National Development Programme as an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11th July, 1987. By the time, now it is necessary to generate awareness among the public about the population issues and the impact they have on development and the environment.
Several organisations like United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), governments, and non-governmental organisations organise educational activities and other events on this day.
The United Nations General Assembly by resolution 45/216 of December 1990
, decided to continue observing World Population Day to raise awareness of population issues and their relations to the environment and development. On 11 July, 1990, the day was first marked in more than 90 countries. Since then, a number of UNFPA country offices and other organisations and institutions commemorate World Population Day in partnership with governments and civil society..Source : News18