Correct Answer : Option (C) - Architecture
Note : The organization and interconnection of the various components of a computer system is Architecture.
Correct Answer : Option (A) - SIMULA
Note : Simula Programming Language : Simula is the name of two simulation programming languages, Simula I and Simula 67, developed in the 1960s at the Norwegian Computing Center in Oslo, by Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard. Syntactically, it is a fairly faithful superset of ALGOL 60, also influenced by the design of Simscript.
Correct Answer : Option (B) - Smart weapons
Note : Smart weapons : A precision-guided munition (PGM, smart weapon, smart munition, smart bomb) is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, to minimize collateral damage and increase lethality against intended targets.
Correct Answer : Option (D) - nanosecond
Note : Nanosecond : A nanosecond (ns) is an SI unit of time equal to one thousand-millionth of a second (or one billionth of a second), that is, / of a second, or 10 seconds.
Correct Answer : Option (C) - Semiconductor memory
Note : Semiconductor memory is a digital electronic data storage device, often used as computer memory, implemented with semiconductor electronic devices on an integrated circuit. There are many different types of implementations using various technologies.
Correct Answer : Option (B) - Magnetic field
Note : A memory device is formed by lining up tiny electromagnets at one end with detectors at the other end. Bubbles written in would be slowly pushed to the other, forming a sheet of twistors lined up beside each other.
Correct Answer : Option (A) - Symbolic code
Note : BASIC stands for "Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code." Originally designed as an interactive mainframe timesharing language by John Kemeney and Thomas Kurtz in 1963, it became widely used on personal computers everywhere.
Correct Answer : Option (A) - direct file organization
Note : Hashing is the transformation of a string of characters into a usually shorter fixed-length value or key that represents the original string. Hashing is used to index and retrieve items in a database because it is faster to find the item using the shorter hashed key than to find it using the original value.
Correct Answer : Option (D) - Niklaus Wirth
Note : Pascal, a computer programming language developed about 1970 by Niklaus Wirth of Switzerland to teach structured programming, which emphasizes the orderly use of conditional and loop control structures without GOTO statements. Although Pascal resembled ALGOL in notation, it provided the ability to define data types with which to organize complex information, a feature beyond the capabilities of ALGOL as well as FORTRAN and COBOL. User-defined data types allowed the programmer to introduce names for complex data, which the language translator could then check for correct usage before running a program.
Correct Answer : Option (C) - Electroluminescent display