IPC Sections
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This Act shall be called the Indian Penal Code, and shall [extend to the whole of India [except the State of Jammu and Kashmir].]
 
a) Substituted by the A.O. 1948 for “take effect throughout British India”.
b) The words “except the State of Jammu and Kashmir” omitted by Act 34 of 2019, Ss. 95 & 96 and Sch. V (w.e.f. 31-10-2019).
Every person shall be liable to punishment under this Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to the provisions thereof, of which he shall be guilty within India.
Any person liable, by any Indian law, to be tried for an offence committed beyond India shall be dealt with according to the provisions of this Code for any act committed beyond India in the same manner as if such act had been committed within India.
The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by :
 
i) any citizen of India in any place without and beyond India;
ii) any person on any ship or aircraft registered in India wherever it may be.
 
Explanations

i) the word “offence” includes every act committed outside India which, if committed in India, would be punishable under this Code;
 
ii) the expression “computer resource” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (k) of sub-section (1) of Section 2 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 (21 of 2000).]
 
illustrations

i) A, who is a citizen of India, commits a murder in Uganda. He can be tried and convicted of murder in any place in India in which he may be found.
Nothing in this Act shall affect the provisions of any Act for punishing mutiny and desertion of officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen in the service of the Government of India or the provision of any special or local law.
Throughout this Code every definition of an offence, every penal provision, and every illustration of every such definition or penal provision, shall be understood subject to the exceptions contained in the Chapter entitled “General Exceptions”, though those exceptions are not repeated in such definition, penal provision or illustration.
 
illustrations :
 
(a) The sections, in this Code, which contain definitions of offences, do not express that a child under seven years of age cannot commit such offences, but the definitions are to be understood subject to the general exception which provides that nothing shall be an offence which is done by a child under seven years of age.
 
(b) A, a police-officer, without warrant, apprehends Z, who has committed murder. Here A is not guilty of the offence of wrongful confinement; for he was bound by law to apprehend Z, and therefore the case falls within the general exception which provides that “nothing is an offence which is done by a person who is bound by law to do it”.
Every expression which is explained in any part of this Code, is used in every part of this Code in conformity with the explanation.
The pronoun “he” and its derivatives are used of any person, whether male or female.
Unless the contrary appears from the context, words importing the singular number include the plural number, and words importing the plural number include the singular number.
The word “man” denotes a male human being of any age; the word “woman” denotes a female human being of any age.