Correct Answer : Option (B) - 6.2 percent
According to the report, the number of registered births has decreased from 2.48 crore in 2019 to 2.42 crore in the year 2020 showing a decrease of about 2.40 percent.
The Vital Statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System’ for 2020 report said that case of registered deaths, the number has increased from 76.4 lakh in the year 2019 to 81.2 lakhs in 2020 showing an increase of 6.2 percent.
Out of the total registered deaths, the share of males is 60.2 percent and the female share is 39.8 percent.
Some states and union territories namely Maharashtra, Bihar, Gujarat, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Assam, and Haryana have contributed significantly to the increased number of deaths registered from 2019 to 2020.
In the report, NITI Aayog Member(Health) Dr. V K Paul said that the number of births and deaths incorporated in the report are actual numbers which are collected from around 3 lakh registration units across the country. Dr Paul said, there is no modeling in it.
CRS is a universal, continuous, compulsory, and permanent recording of birth, death, and still birth. Registration of birth and death is done under Registration of Birth and Death Act (RBD), 1969. These figures include deaths due to COVID-19 and other reasons.Source : News On Air